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Apa Itu Demonstrative Pronoun?

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GatraDewata.Com – Sesuai dengan penyebutannya bahwa ‘demonstrative pronoun’ merupakan kata ganti yang digunakan untuk menunjukkan, mengindikasikan ataupun mepresentasikan – baik benda yang dekat maupun jauh dan sifatnya spesifik. Kenapa dibilang spesifik, karena pada umumnya jarang sekali benda yang kita maksud menyendiri. Pastinya ada benda lain diluar yang menyertainya.

Nah, pada penggunaannya sehari hari, demonstrative pronoun ini biasa juga digunakan untuk menunjukkan benda dalam bentuk tunggal maupun jamak.

Hanya ada dua penyebutannya yaitu: this dan that, dimana jika ia hadir dalam bentuk jamak maka this akan berubah menjadi these dan that menjadi those.

Berikut contoh dasar yang bisa anda gunakan sebagai acuan:

  • This is my shoes > ini sepatu saya; anda sedang menunjukkan sepatu yang ada di dekat anda.
  • That is Tamoo’s bag > itu tasnya Tamoo; anda sedang menunjukkan sebuah tas milik tuan Tamoo yang jauh dari diri anda.
  • These chairs are all broken > kursi – kursi ini semuanya patah; anda sedang menunjukkan bahwa kursi > kursi dekat anda semuanya patah.
  • Those white chairs are in good condition > kursi – kursi putih itu dalam kondisi bagus; anda sedang menunjukkan bahwa kursi – kursi berwarna putih yang jauh dari ini dalam kondisi ang bagus.

“Sekali lagi, this/these untuk dekat dan that/those untuk jauh. Namun pertanyaannya, seberapa dekat atau jauhkah benda tersebut bisa dibilang dekat/jauh?”

Jadi gini, semua benda yang bisa anda gapai dengan tangan anda bisa dikategorikan sebagai dekat dan benda tersebut layak mendapat gelar this/these. Dengan kata lain, semua benda yang ada di luar jangkauan anda maka benda tersebut layak dimasukkan pada zona jauh, dan berhak dengan gelar that/those.

Sesederhana itu, bro & sist.

Mau contoh lagi?

Look at this picture!

Please remove those glasses from my table and keep it in the store room!

Which of those bikes do you like best?

Are these chocolate for free?

Jangan lupa, these/those merupakan kata ganti bentuk jamak (plural) jadi musti diikuti oleh kata benda dalam bentuk jamak pula. Itulah kenapa kata ‘those’ diikuti oleh ‘bikes’ – bukan ‘bike.’ <swn>

Ilustrasi oleh www.toondoo.com

English Corner

Yoga Iswara, Verified, Certified, Vaccinated, Bali Ready to Open Border

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Dr. Yoga Iswara, BBA., BBM., MM., CHA Ketua IHGMA DPD Bali

GATRADEWATA | KARANGASEM | Met at the Moral Declaration of the Forum Bali Bangkit with Tourism Component by inviting 32 leaders of the Association in Bali, in the event to declare their determination and bring aspirations from the bottom line with efforts to encourage and support the opening of the Bali Open Border for the month of July.

The condition of Bali which has been ravaged due to the Covid-19 pandemic which has lasted more than a year, which has made Bali instantly paralyzed and suspended in motion with Bali’s economic growth contracting minus (-) 9.31% (2020).

Dr. Yoga Iswara, BBA., BBM., MM., CHA., as the Chairperson of the Indonesian Hotel General Manager Association (IHGMA) DPD Bali, said that now is a point of momentum for him in the tourism association with the Bali Bangkit Forum, “We are with 30 tourism stakeholders  who joined, we all want that in the Bali Bangkit Forum for the Bali Open Border (Bali is reopened), this declaration is not merely new but goes through a long process. We take this idea from President Jokowi’s input when visiting Bali (March 2021)  , July Bali can be opened, and the Governor of Bali also knows that,” explained Yoga Iswara, Wednesday (16/06/2021), at Wantilan Besakih, Karangasem Regency, Bali.

He also explained that Bali had tried to recognize, adapt and make peace with Covid-19.  “We have to be bigger than the covid itself, of course with the implementation of the CHSE we need to tighten up, but we start to strengthen the economic movement again, so that the health and economic aspects can go hand in hand,” he explained.

Yoga Iswara there also explained that he and the government have been vaccinating all tourism actors in Bali (Vaccinated), and carrying out the CHSE (Cleanliness), Health (Health), Safety (Security) health protocol program.  Environment Sustainability) (Certified), and verified (Verified).  “It’s time for the government to listen to our aspirations for the Bali Open Border. We hope that these aspirations can be heard in all components that have authority for the Bali New Era,” he hoped by explaining that this declaration is a moral support for the government to be able to save Bali through Open Border.

Asked about the government’s Work From Bali (WFB) program which will be rolled out for Bali, “We in the Bali Bangkit Forum are also making movement efforts for Bali, Work From Bali is a positive program but we do not only expect from the government side but also  from the private side who do their work in Bali,” he said.

Not only that, he also advised WFB not only to work, “We hope that this program will not only work but also have activities in Bali, so the term is work and fun in Bali. This is a good stimulus and trigger to stimulate the economy in Bali as well, ” he explained.

“Our friends from tourism actors, all of us have had an impact for almost 1.5 years, indeed our storms are the same but our boats are different. Today we made a declaration to equalize energy and perception to all stakeholders having a sense of crisis, sense of urgency and sense of empathy  The same is true for how we can rise up, so stay strong, let’s help us show the international and domestic world how we have carried out strict procedures, vaccinations (1.4 million), so that we are confident for Bali and this makes us ready to open  Bali in July 2021,” he concluded.  (Ray)

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English Corner

Wyndham Garden Kuta Beach Bali support local bussinesses by launching a weekly garden market.

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GATRADEWATA.COM|| Kuta Bali .16 February 2019. Wyndham Garden Kuta Beach Bali partnered up with the Bali Bazaar Community to support the local bussiness in Bali. The beachfront hotel launched the Garden Market last Saturday for guest, tourist, ang Bali local to enjoy a day out with the family.
Visitors were able to enjoy live music while shopping for some of Bali’s best handcrafts, cloths and souvenir.

Guest can enjoy an “all can you ray ” BHW and take advantage of 20 % discount on other Food and Beverage at either Capello Bar or Coffee ‘ n Oven.

General Manager Bagus Ngurah said this new event is just the beginning of more exciting things to come.
Wyndham Garden Kuta Beach launching the Garden Market is just one of the many events guests can expect this year.
With the renovations slowly coming to an end we can start making plans for the future.
Working with all these local bussiness to sell the real Bali has been great and we cannot wait to explore more options for the near future !.

Garden Market at Wyndham Garden Kuta Beach Bali take place every Saturday from 10 am till 10 pm in the evening

Wyndham Market Kuta Beach is located on a absolute beachfront in Bali,Indonesia. It offers stylish and spacious guestrooms ranging from executive rooms and suites with pool acces and ocean views. The resort features two pools- a family pool for children and rooftop pool overlooking the ocean, a day spa and meeting room for seminars and events.
For more detail please visit website .www.wyndhamgardenkutabali.com.
( INN.W)

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Whose, Whom, Which: Kapan Digunakan?

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GatraDewata.Com – Kita menggunakan interrogative pronouns untuk mengajukan pertanyaan. Bentuk kata ganti ini mewakili sesuatu yang kita tidak ketahui (apa yang kita pertanyakan).

Ada empat bentuk interrogative pronouns: who, whom, what, which.

Ketahuilah bahwa kata ganti milik ‘whose’ bisa juga berlaku sebagai kata ganti interrogative (an interrogative possessive pronoun).

Ingat bahwa ‘whom’ merupakan bentuk yang tepat ketika kata gantinya merupakan object daripada  kata kerjanya, sebagaimana dalam kalimat “Whom did you meet?” Namun, biasanya, pada prakteknya sehari hari kita sangat jarang menggunakan ‘whom.’ Kebanyakan native speaker akan mengatakan (atau bahkan menulis): “Who did you meet?”

Lihatlah contoh berikut ini. Pada jawaban atas pertanyaan tersebut, frase kata benda yang bertindak sebagai interrogative pronoun ditampilkan dengan penebalan huruf (bold).

Silakan dicatat bahwa kita kadang – kadang menggunakan imbuhan (suffix) “-ever” untuk membuat kata majemuk (compound) dari salah satu dari kata ganti berikut (terutama whoever, whatever, whichever). Ketika kita tambahkan “-ever”, kita menggunakannya untuk penekanan/penegasan, namun sering untuk menunjukkan kebingungan ataupun sikap kaget.

Perhatikan contoh berikut:

Whoever would want to eat such a nasty food?

They’re all beautiful! Whichever will you choose?

Photo courtesy: pinterest.com <swn>
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